Tag Archives: sex hormones

Lifestyle And Male Infertility

Newton said several years ago “every action has a reaction”, and this could not be more accurate. In the actual world we live in, the lifestyle that we practice represent all that happens to our body, inside and out. What surrounds us has a direct or an indirect impact in our lives, affecting us for better or worst. Our jobs, relationships, routines, physical exercises, diets, genetics, etc. have something to do with our actual state. The appearance of male infertility can also be explained by these, but more important, these conditions can be prevented by just making some lifestyle changes.

Studies like the one developed by personnel from the Department of Urology of the Weill Cornell Medicine College in New York discussed the increasing attention to primary and secondary prevention of male infertility through modifiable lifestyle factors, evaluating diet, physical activity, body habitus, among other factors.

The study based its findings on the fact that diverse theories and investigations have emerged implicating consumption of saturated fats, extremes of body mass index, high-intensity exercise, and pesticide exposure as detrimental to male fertility. Researchers found that semen quality and birth outcomes were benefited by a balanced dietary fat intake, moderated physical activity, and the management of a healthy body habitus.

A systematic review was made and published in 2018 in the Arab Journal of Urology, gathering information of several studies that discussed the association of principally male infertility with lifestyle factors such as alcohol intake, smoking cigarettes, use of illicit drugs, dietary practices, obesity, psychological stress, advanced paternal age, among others like intense cycling training, testicular heat stress, lack of sleep, and radiation of electromagnetic from use of hand phone.

The review concluded that these lifestyle factors and its negative impact on male fertility could be mostly overcome by behavior modification and better lifestyle choices. An increase in couple education could also enhance awareness and recognition of the possible impact of these factors.

An important factor for mentioning is the fact that the actual human being is subject of tremendous psychological stress. We are used to live in a world where people become easily stressed. In fact, stress is so common nowadays that people usually think it is something normal. The reality is that stress is not a beneficial thing for our health, it doesn’t only affect our body, but also our mind. Of course, fertility does not escape from stress.

A theory explains that our body can prevent conception from happening during stressful events due to the release of stress hormones such as cortisol, adrenaline, and catecholamines. The increase in these hormones´ blood levels is capable of inhibiting the release of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), the responsible for the release of sex hormones, reducing sperm count and libido. If this gets chronic, which is very common nowadays, it turns into a disorder called Stress-Induced Reproductive Dysfunction. Now you understand why there is a honeymoon after marriage, holiday may reduce stress and improve chances of conception.

Sex and pregnancy

A lot of couples think that they will be deprived of having sexual intercourse during pregnancy. But the truth is that if a woman is pregnant there is absolutely no reason not to enjoy in a complete sexual intercourse until she gives birth. In fact many couples find sex during that period to be even more exciting and interesting.

During pregnancy a lot of couples reduce the number of sexual intercourses that they usually have but some of them practice sex even more than before. The main reason for this increased sexual activity is the fact that the woman’s body during pregnancy is experiencing some changes that make women more sensitive and easily aroused. All these changes including increased level of senses are direct result of the higher levels of sex hormones. As we have mentioned before people can enjoy sex normally until the woman gives birth but even shortly after childbirth sexual intercourse is possible if the woman doesn’t feel pain and if she feels ready to do it.

If the pregnancy is progressing normally there is no reason to be sexually inactive and restrain. According to some researches a lot of women were able to experience stronger orgasms while some of the women felt their first real orgasms during pregnancy. Since there is an increased level of sex hormones in the blood, the desire for sex is growing, reproductive organs are more sensitive and sexual arousal can be achieved much faster and it is usually much stronger. Of course, the partner should be careful especially when it comes to breasts because they are very sensitive during this period. This means that the partner should be gentle and considerate and the best option is to avoid this area. As the child grows and develops it takes up more space in the pelvis and the abdomen, so the partners will have to find different positions and styles of making love.

A lot of couples are concerned that sexual intercourses can cause infections that can be transferred to the child, but it is good to know that the cervix is completely occluded by mucus and sexual intercourse is safe. Just like any other period, hygiene is very important during this period too.

Another irrational fear is that the baby could be crushed during these intercourses. That is impossible because the child floats in amniotic fluid which serves as a protective layer from all possible bumps and crushes. However you should not practice rough sexual intercourse and if bleeding occurs visit the doctor immediately. This bleeding doesn’t necessarily mean that something serious is going on but the doctor must determine if there is a risk of miscarriage.

As the pregnancy develops you might find that it is necessary to change your sex routine but this change might bring you more excitement. Explore new positions and other types of sexual activity with your partner in order to improve your sex life.

If you don’t have the same sexual desire, don’t be disappointed and focus on communication and hanging out with your partner.

Different Types Of Erectile Dysfunction

Commonly referred to as impotence, erectile dysfunction is a condition that affects a percentage of mature males, making them incapable of performing satisfactorily as is expected of them. The condition can manifest itself in different ways including failure to attain penile erectile at all, occasional penile erection, gradual but persistent penile erection or abrupt penile erection without any sexual stimuli. One major problem that some of the males attain some degree of penile erection is experiencing premature ejaculation. This is when a male ejaculates either even before penetrating his partner or does too soon after penetration. They may not be able satisfy their partner with sexual desire and sexual pleasure.

Unlike in the past, the cases of males being diagnosed as impotent is on the rise. This is attributed to some causes that were not there before. The main causes of erectile dysfunction have traditionally remained such causes as old age, health conditions, genetics, surgery and medications. Recent causes include poor lifestyle, contaminated food stuffs and food stuffs short on vital nutrients including vitamins, minerals and essential fatty acids.

Erectile Dysfunction
Erectile Dysfunction

There are five main types of erectile dysfunction:

  1. Arteriogenic impotence – Most males diagnosed and declared to be impotent do suffer this type of erectile dysfunction. Majority of them happen to be those with such medical conditions as diabetes, high blood pressure, medications or those who sustain injuries in their genital areas. The characteristic of this type of erectile dysfunction is insufficient flow of blood in the arteries supplying the penis with blood, which is necessary for normal erection.

  2. Venogenic impotence – This type of ED occurs when penile veins fail to close once they receive sufficient blood that leads to penile erection. In normal cases, the valves in the veins are designed to close down to prevent flow-back of blood. This is the mechanism by which the penis remains erect until ejaculation stage when the valves open, allowing the penis to recoil back. Impotent males who suffer this type of ED are most likely to have inherited the condition.

  3. Neurogenic impotence – This type of ED occurs due to insufficient supply of blood by nerves responsible for supplying penile nerves and muscles with blood. This can be brought about by injury to the spinal cord or around the pelvic region.

  4. Hormonal impotence – This type of erectile dysfunction occurs when there is a serious imbalance of sexual hormones in a man’s blood stream. This can occur when the body fails to naturally produce or secret sex hormones into the blood stream. Such imbalance negatively affects libido, leading to lack of interest in sex, which in turn causes lack of erection or very minimal erection inadequate for satisfactory sexual performance.

  5. Psychogenic impotence – This type of erectile dysfunction occurs due to state of the mind. High stress levels and worries and depression are some of the main causes.

Males who have had healthy and successful sexual life only to be diagnosed and declared impotent at a later time do develop low self esteem, which further worsens their condition. It must also be noted that males who suspect that they have or are developing erectile dysfunction need to consult their physicians for proper diagnosis to receive applicable treatment in good time.